Akava: Finland needs a programme for diversified work
Akava proposes that a strategic programme concerning the diversification of work should be prepared in Finland as a means of responding to the transformation of work and preparing for the related changes in working life.
The diversification of work and related changes are the result of a technological revolution and globalisation that will transform the work itself as well as the labour market structures, ways of working, working hours, places for working and work communities.
Akava’s Board has approved a programme for diversified work as part of Akava’s broader project intended to survey the diversification of working life. The programme deals with cross-cutting themes concerning one’s life cycle and career, including competence development, livelihood, security, well-being at work and labour market issues.
“Akava pursues to ensure a working life where employees thrive and succeed. We endeavour to proactively develop working life and education, their contents and structures as well as related legislation so that they will respond to the challenges of the diversifying work situation”, explains Sture Fjäder, President of Akava.
Young people are open to diversified forms of employment
According to a questionnaire survey conducted by Aula Research for Akava, young adults aged 18–35 years are more open to diverse forms of employment than the older age groups. Approximately 40 per cent of the respondents were hoping to be employed in ways other than just as wage-earners, or they stated that the form of employment made no difference.
“The hopes and expectations of young people reflect an increase in the appeal of self-employment, a trend that is appearing along with the transformation of work. Paid work still holds the predominant position, but other forms of work are also now seen as possible options”, says Anu Tuovinen, Senior Advisor at Akava.
Similar to the older age groups, young adults are also security-oriented; the majority (56%) of 18–35-year-olds wish to be employed as wage-earners in the future. The younger group, however, is also open to other forms of employment; of the highly-educated 18–35-year-olds, 8% wish to be employed as entrepreneurs and 14% would like to work concurrently as wage-earners and entrepreneurs. Nearly one fifth (19%) say that the form of employment does not matter.
According to Tuovinen, the results emphasise the need to discuss the clear-cut division between wage-earners and entrepreneurs, and reconsider this in terms of working life, legislation and attitudes.
“We are in favour of higher flexibility and movement between paid employment, self-employment and entrepreneurial activities. The aim is to harmonise various definitions for an entrepreneur within legislation”, Fjäder concludes.
Akava's thematic programme for diversified work: When your career is not a pipeline – Security for diversified work